Lone parents and working-age adults with a disability were more likely to experience persistent deprivation during the years 2004-2015, according to new research published today (7 December).
The research examined the movement of social risk groups into and out of poverty before, during and after the recession.
Social risk groups are groups that differ in their ability to meet their needs through the market (mainly through work) because of different types of barriers: lone parents, people with a disability, young adults, children, older adults and the reference group of other working age adults, who face fewer barriers.
Measuring poverty and deprivation
The research drew on the Irish Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) longitudinal data from 2004-2015 and used the two national indicators of poverty:
The research examined poverty and deprivation during two-year periods, for example 2004-2005 and then 2005-2006 and so on, in order to capture information that would not be captured at a single point in time.
Moving in and out of poverty
Which groups have the highest risk of persistent deprivation?
The effect of the recession
The paper highlights the importance of longitudinal data to better understand poverty dynamics which is particularly relevant in a period of profound economic turbulence. Report author Dorothy Watson notes “The study shows that when we consider poverty over two years, the proportion of people experiencing poverty in at least one of them is much higher than when measured at a given point in time. Members of vulnerable groups such as lone parents and those affected by a disability experienced a high rate of persistent deprivation even into the recent recovery period suggesting a need for special supports to enable them to take advantage of the benefits of economic recovery.”
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