EU integration before the crisis and differentiated growth patterns of exports of goods and services resulted in exporting activities being less concentrated across countries. This pattern was particularly observable for the trade with goods. However, increased production specialisation has led to more pronounced geographic clustering and export specialisation across Europe. The changes in the geographical patterns of intra-EU trade activities were mostly driven by changes in the patterns of trade in medium-quality goods. These developments were accompanied by a strong increase in EU countries’ bilateral trade intensities. Research results generally suggest a structural break of these trends after the crisis. Results also suggest that intra-firm trade has been more resilient to the financial crisis despite the more difficult global environment for foreign direct investment and export activities.
The ESRI works towards a national vision of ‘Informed policy for a better Ireland’. This means producing high-quality analysis to provide robust evidence for policymaking, with the goals of research excellence and policy impact.
The ESRI produces research that contributes to understanding economic and social change in the new international context and that informs public policymaking and civil society in Ireland.