The Future Cost of Stroke in Ireland: an Analysis of the Potential Impact of Demographic Change and Implementation of Evidence-based Therapies
Age and Ageing, Vol. 42, Issue 3, May 2013, pp. 299-306
Background and purpose: this paper examines the impact of demographic change from 2007 to 2021 on the total cost of stroke in Ireland and analyses potential impacts of expanded access to stroke unit care and thrombolytic therapy on stroke outcomes and costs.
Methods: total costs of stroke are estimated for the projected number of stroke cases in 2021 in Ireland. Analysis also estimates the potential number of deaths or institutionalised cases averted among incident stroke cases in Ireland in 2007 at different rates of access to stroke unit care and thrombolytic therapy. Drawing on these results, total stroke costs in Ireland in 2007 are recalculated on the basis of the revised numbers of incident stroke patients estimated to survive stroke, and of the numbers estimated to reside at home rather than in a nursing home in the context of expanded access to stroke units or thrombolytic therapy.
Results: future costs of stroke in Ireland are estimated to increase by 52?57% between 2007 and 2021 on the basis of demographic change. The projected increase in aggregate stroke costs for all incident cases in 1 year in Ireland due to the delivery of stroke unit care and thrombolytic therapy can be offset to some extent by reductions in nursing home and other post-acute costs.