Development of second-tier cities key to sustainable economic growth
Policies should aim to rebalance growth by encouraging regional development led by a small number of large urban centres outside Dublin, according to new ESRI research published today (24 January).
If the current pattern of growth continues, it will lead to a further gap in prosperity between Dublin and the rest of the country. In Dublin, it will lead to additional housing demand and increased long-distance commuting.
The research provides projections for regions and counties across Ireland up to the year 2040, examining what will happen if current spatial planning patterns continue, and what would happen in a range of alternative scenarios.
These projections set the context for regional and local development policy including the forthcoming National Planning Framework (NPF) and the Regional Spatial and Economic strategies.
Over-concentration in Dublin and Mid-East region
Projections show that if current trends continue, population growth, employment growth and jobs growth will be concentrated in Dublin and the mid-east of Ireland.
- Population growth will be greatest in and around the major cities, particularly Dublin. The share of population in the Dublin and Mid-East region will grow from 40 per cent to 41.7 per cent by 2040. This means the population in this area will increase from 1.91 million in 2016 to 2.35 million in 2040.
- Above average employment growth is projected for the Mid-East (1.6% annually) and to a lesser extent in the South-West (1.5%), West (1.5%) and Border (1.4%) regions.
- Dublin and the Mid-East are projected to have above average growth in the number of jobs available (1.7% annually). Jobs growth is projected to be slowest in the Border, South-East and Mid-West regions (0.9%).
Developing second-tier cities
The research finds that the most positive outcomes would result from a scenario in which growth is split equally between the East and Midland region and the rest of the country. This would relieve pressure in the Dublin region, while still allowing significant growth.
Scaling up second-tier cities would provide a greater range of functions in surrounding areas. To achieve this, it is necessary to develop within the cities the necessary infrastructure, such as water and wastewater infrastructure, urban public transport, schools etc. It is essential that affordable housing and other amenities are provided in cities in order to attract people to live there and to avoid further sprawl. The increased scale of the second-tier cities would allow them and their wider hinterland to generate more start-up firms and attract more FDI.
Edgar Morgenroth, ESRI, commented: “When economic activity is concentrated in one centre, national economic performance is reduced. The lack of scale of the second-tier cities in Ireland reinforces the dominance of Dublin and limits the development potential of the other regions. Investing in second-tier cities is essential to ensure sustainable economic growth outside of Dublin.”