Conclusion: Post-school Pathways of Migrant-Origin Youth in Europe

June 26, 2023

Chapter 8 in Merike Darmody & Emer Smyth (eds.), Post-school Pathways of Migrant-Origin Youth in Europe

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This conclusion presents some closing thoughts of the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book demonstrates that immigrants’ post-school expectations are also influenced by national patterns. Young people differ in their educational experiences and outcomes and in the opportunities available to them upon leaving school, leading to inequalities in post-school trajectories. The book shows that ethnic minority groups were overrepresented in business/administration/law, choices possibly seeking to ensure social mobility and compensating for their lower socioeconomic background. The rate of unemployment in France is notably higher for second-generation youth from North Africa, Turkey, and sub-Saharan Africa, compared to that of the majority group, while similar for those of Portuguese origin or lower for those of Asian origin. The book also shows inequalities in transition outcomes on the basis of social background and gender for migrant and non-migrant young people.